Here is photo of some of the Ikat we have at Native. We love Ikat fabric and have it often in the shop when we can find them. I copied a description of the process and a video to share so you can understand the time consuming process and wonder at the artists who make them
"Ikat, or Ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs aresist dyeingprocess on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric.
In ikat the resist is formed by binding individual yarns or bundles of yarns with a tight wrapping applied in the desired pattern. The yarns are then dyed. The bindingsmay then be altered to create a new pattern and the yarns dyed again with another color. This process may be repeated multiple times to produce elaborate,multicolored patterns. When the dyeing is finished all the bindings are removed and the yarns are woven into cloth. In other resist-dyeing techniques such astie-dyeandbatikthe resist is applied to the woven cloth, whereas in ikat the resist is applied to the yarns before they are woven into cloth. Because the surface design is created inthe yarns rather than on the finished cloth, in ikat both fabric faces are patterned.
A characteristic of ikat textiles is an apparent "blurriness" to the design. The blurriness is a result of the extreme difficulty the weaver has lining up the dyed yarns so thatthe pattern comes out perfectly in the finished cloth. The blurriness can be reduced by using finer yarns or by the skill of the craftsperson. Ikats with little blurriness,multiple colors and complicated patterns are more difficult to create and therefore often more expensive. However, the blurriness that is so characteristic of ikat is oftenprized by textile collectors.
Ikat is produced in many traditional textile centers around the world, from India to Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Japan (where it's called "kasuri"), Africa andLatin America. Double ikats--in which both the warp and weft yarns are tied and dyed before being woven into a single textile--are relatively rare because ofthe intensive skilled labor required to produce them. They are produced in Gujarat in India, theOkinawaislands of Japan, the village ofTengananinBali,Indonesia, and the villages ofPuttapakaandBhoodan Pochampallyin India." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ikat